Top Open Source Tools For Red Teams

No matter how secure your data, systems and networks are, hackers can still get into your company and gain access to your sensitive information. Organizations hire red team members to think and behave exactly like hackers, but with good intentions.

Red team members use a process to discover vulnerabilities and exploit them. This procedure is broken down into steps and red team members use different tools for each step. Let’s take a look at some of the most important tools that red team members use during each phase.

Reconnaissance: Reconnaissance, one of the most important steps in any red-team assessment, is a popular and highly valued step. This stage is where the red team gathers all information about the target network or system. These are the three most popular reconnaissance tools:
Nmap: Nmap, a widely used and highly effective tool for reconnaissance, is one of the most popular. It is a network scanner and has many useful features. The Red Team can learn a lot about any computer that can reach the network via Nmap. Network scanning must be used with care as it is easy to detect.
Censys: Censys allows you to gather data about all your assets to help you prevent target assaults. This application provides actionable data, assists in tracking assets’ changes and identifies possible weaknesses.
Shodan: Shodan can be described as a search engine for devices connected to the internet. IoT devices are widely used and have poor security. They can be a great entry point for a Red Team. Shodan can help you classify these devices.
Accessing the target’s information: After the red team has collected all relevant information, they can then exploit the vulnerabilities to gain access to the organization’s networks and systems. They must then maintain that access. Here are some tools to help red teams gain and keep access.
Ncat: Information security experts refer to NCAT as the Swiss Army knife for security. This program’s main function is to establish a connection to any port using TCP/UDP. It can scan port numbers, grab banners and grab data, as well as create remote shells.
SET: A Social Engineering Toolskit (SET) lets you create phishing attacks and assess your customers’ resistance to social engineering. This tool can be used to create phishing emails, websites, or malicious attachments.
Metasploit: Although Metasploit is a primarily commercial tool, the community edition of Metasploit is still very powerful. Metasploit Framework: With over 1,500 exploits built and the ability to integrate custom ones, it is the most popular exploitation framework in the world.
The Red Team can access the customer’s network to provide valuable information. Passive network reconnaissance is not enough. Active network reconnaissance can reveal the network infrastructure, services used by different machines, and user credentials if there are insecure protocols being used. These are the tools that can be used to analyze network traffic.
Aircrackng: Aircrackng is a tool that is included with Kali Linux. It is used to hack WiFi networks. This tool combines a packet scanner, a WEP/WPA2/WPA2 cracker and network analysis tool into one application. This tool can be used for hacking into wifi networks.
Wireshark: Wireshark is a network protocol analyzer that captures packets from network connections such as those connecting to the internet or your home office. Data packets are the discrete units that make up an Ethernet network. Wireshark is the most widely used packet sniffer in all of history.
Reporting: After compl

Top Offensive Cybersecurity Engineering Tool

An Offensive Cybersecurity engineer is a security professional who has a deep understanding of the penetration testing process. He is efficient working within the offensive security group. His day-today responsibilities include identifying and fixing problems in complex and extensive IT infrastructure. He hacks the system with offensive security skills and contributes to the technical operations, engineering, architecture, and design of secure platforms. An offensive security engineer is also skilled in reviewing source code, web applications, security architectures, and finding solutions to potential cybersecurity threats. He must be familiar with the various automated security tools in order to efficiently perform his duties. These highly-performing automated tools save time and work efficiently. Here’s a list of powerful offensive security instruments that work together for Offensive Cyber Security Engineers.

Shodan – Shodan is a powerful search tool. It is used by offensive cybersecurity teams for detecting vulnerable endpoints in the network. While other search engines like Google index the web content, Shodan can detect IoT devices. Shodan is a search engine that can detect all things connected to the internet. It can detect webcams, servers, traffic lights and home security systems. Shodan also provides a command-line interface (CLI), which is packaged with the Python library. This interface is much more efficient than the original Shodan website. The Shodan CLI is used by penetration testing teams to identify vulnerable devices within the network.
This is used to detect vulnerabilities in networks and systems
Shodan API (Application Programming Interface), allows security teams to automate their security operations
Easy integration with other tools like Maltego or web browser plugins
Wireshark: Wireshark can be used as a network protocol analyser and is a free and essential tool. It gives security professionals detailed information about network traffic. This tool can capture data packets in real time and determine their origin and destination. It can be used to troubleshoot issues such as dropped packets, latency issues and malicious activity.
Live packet capture and offline analysis of data packets
Facilitates investigation of the smallest details of the network
All major internet protocols supported
Available in CLI (Command line interface) and GUI(Graphical User Interface) versions
Supported platforms include Linux, Windows, macOS and Solaris.
Maltego – Maltego is an open source intelligence gathering tool (OSINT), that allows you to analyze online information. It is difficult to gather information using manual techniques. Maltego automates the process and saves time for the offensive security team. It presents the collected data in an easily-understand entity-relationship diagram.
Automates the information gathering process
Graphic representations allow for easy analysis of data
This allows offensive security teams to function more efficiently and intelligently
Supported platforms are Linux, Windows, and macOS
Hydra: Hydra can crack passwords. It uses brute force attack methods to get different usernames and password combinations. Hydra can be used in conjunction with programs like ‘crunch” and ‘cupp, which can create a wordlist. Hydra uses these wordlists to guess login credentials. It can attack various protocols including HTTP, IMAP and HTTPS.
Flexible and highly efficient password cracker
Supports a wide variety of services and protocols for attack
Facilitates easy addition of new attacking module
Supported platforms include Linux, Windows, macOS and Solaris.
Metasploit: Metasploit can be used in many areas of cybersecurity. It allows security professionals to finance.

Top Microsoft Certifications MB Courses That You Should Take Advantage Of

Are you ready to take Microsoft skills to the next level? Microsoft’s genius extends beyond their ubiquitous software. As part of a global initiative to improve the software and programming industry, Microsoft’s experts have created an online treasure trove of training courses. The best part? There are bound to be the right certifications for everyone, from beginners to professionals.
One of their most acclaimed courses is Dynamics 365. These courses are primarily for functional consultants and are highly regarded. Continue reading to learn more about Microsoft’s MB certifications, and our top picks for its online courses.
What is Microsoft Certification MB Courses?
This certification is a boon for developers, functional consultants, and business owners who work with Microsoft Dynamics 365 Sales. Microsoft Certified: Dynamics 365 offers a variety of courses that each focus on a specific role. These courses range from Business Central Functional Consultant Training (MB-880) to Finance and Operations Apps Solution Architect Trainings (MB-700). Each course will help you market your skills and empower the sales team with Dynamics 365 proficiency.
Top 3 Microsoft MB Certifications That Are Worth Your Time
Microsoft Dynamics 365 Fundamentals (MB-910T00).
Let’s start with the basics, as with everything else. The Microsoft MB-910T00 course will give you a basic overview of Dynamics 365’s customer service capabilities. As you learn to use each of the customer engagement apps (Dynamics 365 Marketing, Dynamics 365 sales, Dynamics 365 Customer Service and Dynamics 365 Project Operation), you will have a better understanding of customer engagement.
Microsoft Dynamics 365 Sales (MB-210T00)
If you want to improve your sales management skills, the Microsoft Dynamics 365 Sale course is a must-attend. The MB-210T00 course will teach you how to use Dynamics 365 Sales to track sales targets and best practices, and more. As you learn how to customize the application and automate your sales process, you will be a more productive sales professional.
Microsoft Dynamics 365: Finance and Operations Apps Solution Architect – (MB-700T00).
This course is a great next step for anyone who has experience in Dynamics 365: Finance or Operations Applications. This instructor-led course will provide you with a thorough understanding of the application and help you get started in this field. It focuses on technical skills and application architecture.
You Can Master Microsoft From The Comfort of Your Own Home
Don’t hesitate to take advantage of the opportunity provided. Microsoft’s MB courses will transform your career. Trainocate makes it even easier! Reach out to us immediately to learn more about the most sought-after Microsoft certifications.

Top Methodologies for Improved Penetration Testing

Your risk is outweighed by a competitor offering better features and security than you. In today’s digital world, consumers need security and privacy, as well as improved optimization for every program, website, and software.

Table of Contents
What is Penetration testing? Types of penetration testingTop Penetration testing methods
To build a security feature on your products, however, it is a good idea to conduct security testing. There are many security checks that can be done on IT products. Penetration testing is one of them. We will now explain penetration testing and the related methods.
What is Penetration Testing?
Penetration testing is a formal and systematic method of assessing an organization’s overall security. This method simulates a cyberattack against an organization’s security architecture (such as its network, apps and users) to identify vulnerabilities. It evaluates the organization’s security processes, tactics, and protocols. Penetration testers look for design flaws and operational weaknesses to improve the system. The vulnerability assessment results are then documented for the top management and technical viewers.
Types of penetration testing
Black Box Testing: The penetration tester is familiar with the system being tested. The hacker simulation has no knowledge of the product’s IT infrastructure. The hacker attempts to find and exploit flaws in the IT infrastructure.
White Box Testing: This is the opposite to black-box testing. Hackers have a good understanding of source code and software architecture.
Gray Box Testing: Gray boxes are used for penetration testing. This is done to create a situation where the hacker only has a basic understanding of the product’s IT systems.
Top Penetration Testing Methodologies
A methodology for penetration testing describes how a penetration test plan is developed and executed. The systematic identification of security flaws in a company is possible with penetration testing procedures. These methods define the steps an organization takes to identify security flaws in its IT essential assets, offers, or processes. These are the most highly-respected penetration testing methods in the industry:
1. Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual (OSSTMM). One of the most popular penetration testing methods is the Open Source Security Testing Methodology Manual, or OSSTMM. The Institute for Security and Open Methodologies maintains a peer-reviewed method. OSSTMM allows organizations to tailor their penetration tests to meet their specific needs. Developers have direct access to more secure areas in their environment for innovation. OSSTMM also includes checks to ensure that laws and regulations are being followed. OSSTMM is a common choice among penetration testing methods because it combines technical guidance, device users for different locations, and broad support from different types of organizations.
2. Open Web Application Security Project OWASP. The Open Web Application Security Project OWASP is a set standards and guidelines that are used to protect web applications. It is often used as a starting point by IT professionals who are new to penetration testing. This methodology can be used to perform web application penetration testing. It can detect common vulnerabilities in web and mobile applications and complex logic issues that result from poor design. This methodology is a great way for enterprises to protect their web and mobile apps from common flaws that could potentially impact them. These principles can be implemented by enterprises when they are developing new online or mobile applications.

Top Learnings from Azure security

Microsoft Azure, like other Cloud platforms, is dependent on Virtualization technology. Virtualization emulates computer hardware in Software. This is possible because the maximum number of computer hardware can operate by following an encoded set instructions. Software can be used to simulate real hardware by mapping the instructions.

Cloud providers manage large numbers of data centers that have a large number of physical servers that run virtualized hardware. It flows on a large number of servers and networking hardware. It hosts a complex collection applications that control the configuration and operation of the Software and virtualized hardware. Azure’s innovative orchestration is what makes it so revolutionary. Azure takes care of all the maintenance and upgrades, so users don’t have to spend their time on them.
Microsoft Azure is the second-largest and fastest growing cloud computing platform on the market. It also offers an online portal that allows you to access and manage Microsoft resources and services. It offers many services in different domains, including Compute, Database and Content Delivery. It can host an existing application or allow you to develop a new one.
It also allows you enhance your on-premises applications. Azure allows customers to easily scale up or down their application according to changing demands. More than 80% of Fortune 500 companies use Microsoft Azure. Cloud providers have large data centers that house a variety of servers, storage systems, as well as critical components for an organization’s work. This makes it extremely secure.
Microsoft Azure Security Certification
Azure’s wide range of security tools and capabilities is perhaps the best reason to use it for your applications and services. These capabilities and tools are essential for securing the Azure stage. Microsoft Azure provides transparency and accountability, as well as confidentiality, integrity, availability, and availability of customer data.
Azure’s infrastructure is designed to support large numbers of clients simultaneously. It provides a reliable foundation that allows organizations to meet their security requirements. Microsoft’s new role-based certification program, AZ-500 Microsoft Azure Security Technologies, provides a clear understanding about the Security domain of Microsoft Azure Cloud Service. Applicants who pass the AZ500 exam earn the Microsoft Certified: Azure Security Engineer Associate certificate.
Path to Microsoft Azure Security Certification (AZ500)
Although not required, it is highly recommended that you complete the following certifications before you apply for the Microsoft AZ-500 Certificate:
1. Microsoft Azure Fundamentals AZ-900 – This course provides an in-depth understanding of the various components of Microsoft Azure. You can choose to take the AZ-900 – Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Online Training & Certificate Course with InfosecTrain.
2. Microsoft Azure Administrator AZ-104: This certification validates candidates’ abilities to manage cloud services including storage, computing, security, and other Microsoft Azure capabilities. You can choose to receive AZ-104 Microsoft Azure Administrator Training & Certificate with InfosecTrain.
Benefits of AZ500 Certification
Azure provides you with a wide range of configurable security options and the ability to manage them. This allows you to tailor security to meet the unique requirements of your organization’s deployments. The AZ-500 certification has several benefits:
1. Engineers who are interested in security and playing a key role in p2 will benefit from this certification.

Report finds SQL Server on Azure is Faster Than AWS

A new research report has shown that SQL Server runs faster in Micrososft’s Azure cloud than it does on Amazon Web Services (AWS).
GigaOm, a research firm sponsored by Microsoft, compared throughput performance of SQL Server on Azure Virtual machines and SQL Server in AWS EC2. The results showed that the former performed significantly better.
“Azure emerged the clear leader across both Windows & Linux for mission-critical workloads. It was up to 3.4x faster and up to 87 per cent less expensive than AWS EC2,” commented Microsoft in a blog post Dec. 2. Microsoft chose the competitors, the test and the Microsoft configuration for this sponsored report. The GigaOm Transactional Field Test was based on the TPC Benchmark E (TPC–E) industry standard.
After conducting a number test, GigaOm concluded that Microsoft SQL Server on Microsoft Azure Virtual Machines showed 3.4x higher performance on Windows than Microsoft SQL Server (AWS) Elastic Compute (EC2). When tested on Linux Server OS, Microsoft SQL Server on Microsoft Azure virtual Machines performed 3x better than AWS. SQL Server on Microsoft Azure Virtual Machines (VM), had up to 86.8 per cent better price-performance compared to AWS License Mobility for three year compute commitment and up to 32.2 per cent better price-performance compared to the high-speed disks AWS io1 or Azure Ultra Disk.
[Click on the image to see a larger view.] These images are GigaOm comparisons of performance and price-performance. Performance is measured in throughput (transactions per seconds, tps); higher performance means better. The price-performance metric measures three-year pricing divided with throughput (transactions/second, tps); lower price-performance is better. (source: Microsoft). Microsoft commented on the tests and stated that Azure BlobCache, which offers free reads, is a key reason why Azure’s price-performance is better than AWS. This allows customers to save significant amounts of money, as most online transaction processing (OLTP), workloads come with a ten percent read-to–write ratio.

Report: AWS is the winner as VMware Workloads move to cloud The vast majority of businesses that run VMware environments plan to move at least some of their environments to the cloud by next-year. Nearly half of them will use Amazon Web Services (AWS). Druva, a provider cloud data protection solutions, found that this is the conclusion of a recent survey. For its 2017 VMware Cloud Migration Survey, Druva polled 443 VMware professionals and found that 90% of them expect to have VMware environments in the cloud by 2018. Nearly half (48%) of those surveyed cited AWS as their preferred platform to move to. Microsoft Azure was cited by 25 percent of respondents as the second-most popular cloud platform. Druva says that VMware’s partnership with AWS is a key factor in the widespread shift to the cloud. The two companies announced a joint initiative last October to offer VMware solutions on AWS as part of a new offering called “VMware Cloud On AWS”. According to some reports, the two companies are also working on a separate project that would allow enterprises to run AWS from their private datacenters. This would put AWS and VMware in direct competition with Microsoft and its Azure Stack offering. According to the report, “Since October 2016, when VMware announced its partnership (with Amazon Web Services)), organizations have been looking at the cloud to provide consistent functionality while enabling Cloud workload mobility with products such as vMotion so application resources can stay where they make most sense for their business.” Organizations want to take advantage of the cloud and still use the skills of their existing VMware administrators. The cloud is a great option to manage VMware environment workloads. Consider the impact downtime and poor application performance can have on user productivity. Despite the appeal of the cloud, most organizations will continue to keep some workloads on-premises. In fact, over three quarters (78%) of respondents to the survey said they intend to use a hybrid approach. Other findings from the survey:

  • Disaster recovery applications were the most popular among those who have started their cloud migrations. They accounted for 31 percent.
  • Nearly two-thirds (63%) of respondents said they are thinking about re-architecting applications for the cloud. According to the report, “There is a growing desire for cloud-based applications to augment the VMware environments on public clouds platforms” as a result of the increasing complexity and number of data centers.
  • Just over a third (38%) of respondents cited cost as a major reason for migrating their workloads to cloud computing. Druva stated that cost was not a major factor in the decision of a large portion of survey respondents. “Our survey shows that such migrations result from a strong business need.”

Register to access Druva’s complete report.

Report: AWS Makes $1B in New Cloud Deals

Amazon Web Services’ dominance in the cloud market will only grow as it reportedly inks major deals with Symantec and SAP that are estimated to be worth $1 billion.
Bloomberg reported the deals this week, citing an AWS memo. Bloomberg’s article was denied by Symantec, SAP, and AWS.
Both Symantec and SAP have partnered with AWS in different capacities. AWS and SAP have been steadily increasing interoperability of cloud products, while Symantec has tapped AWS for the “vast majority” of its cloud workloads.
Bloomberg reports that the two companies have increased their partnership with AWS to $500 million each over five year, or $200 million per year.
According to SAP, the contract will focus on storage, data management, and compute offerings as well as artificial Intelligence (AI) or Internet of Things (IoT).
Bloomberg reported that Symantec has agreed to move its “Managed Security Service”, Network Protection, and Website Security Service products to the AWS cloud in the meantime. Symantec would increase its AWS investments by more than sevenfold with the agreement.
Bloomberg reported that AWS had apparently defeated Microsoft for the Symantec contract. Microsoft Azure platform is AWS’ closest competitor, if not the most distant, in the public cloud space.
The news of the Symantec and SAP partnerships comes as AWS appears to be on the verge of securing yet another blockbuster contract: a 10-year deal worth $10 billion to operate the U.S. Department of Defense’s Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure (JEDI).
The bidding process for JEDI has been controversial. Oracle and IBM protested the contract’s single-vendor nature which they claim favors AWS.

Report: AWS Performance Predictability Related to Internet Reliance ThousandEyes published cloud performance research which cites AWS’s dependence on the public Internet, rather than its own backbone network, as contributing to operational risks that can affect performance predictability. The San Franciso-based firm, which calls itself an Internet and cloud intelligence business, published its second annual Cloud Performance Benchmark this month. It compares global network performance as well as connectivity differences between five major public cloud providers: Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Platform (GCP), Microsoft Azure (Microsoft Azure), Alibaba Cloud, and IBM Cloud. [Click on the image to see a larger view.] Cloud Connectivity falls into two camps. (source:ThousandEyes). The company stated in a press release that some cloud providers rely heavily upon the public Internet to transport traffic rather than their backbones. This can impact performance predictability. AWS and Alibaba Cloud, while Google Cloud and Azure heavily rely on their private backbone networks for transporting customer traffic, protecting it against performance variations associated with delivering over public Internet, rely heavily upon the public internet for most transport. This can lead to greater operational risk and impact on performance predictability. IBM uses a hybrid approach that is specific to each region. In a blog post, the company explained this finding and advised customers to pay attention. It stated that although the cloud providers tested generally had comparable performance in terms of bi-directional network latency and architecture, differences in connectivity can have an impact on traffic between users or certain cloud hosting regions. “For example, Azure and GCP use their backbones extensively to carry user-to-hosting-region traffic. AWS and Alibaba rely heavily on the Internet to transport user traffic, while IBM uses a hybrid approach. Exposure to the Internet increases uncertainty in performance, creates risk to cloud strategies, and raises operational complexity. Enterprises planning public cloud connectivity should consider the tolerance of their organization for the unpredictable nature. The report also questioned the AWS Global Accelerator, described by AWS as “a service that improves availability and performance of applications with local and global users.” AWS stated that it provides static IP addresses as a fixed entry point to AWS Regions application endpoints. ThousandEyes stated that “AWS Global Accelerator does not always outperform the Internet.” The Global Accelerator follows an optimized route through AWS’ densely connected backbone. However, performance improvements are not uniform across the globe. While the Global Accelerator is more performant than the Internet connectivity path in many cases, there are still instances of performance improvements that are negligible or worse than default AWS connectivity. Enterprises should evaluate the performance gains of the Global Accelerator before deciding on a strategy to maximize their ROI. ThousandEyes also listed other findings in the report:

  • Cloud performance anomalies can be significant depending on the provider, the hosting region and the user location.
  • All cloud providers, including Alibaba pay a performance fee when they cross the Great Firewall of China.
  • Cloud performance is affected by the choice of US broadband ISPs.

The company commented further on the AWS cloud and stated that “The major public cloud providers (hopefully) are continuously optimizing their networks to (hopefully] improve performance and stability for customers.”

Report: AWS Mulls Entering Enterprise Networking Space

Amazon Web Services Inc. (AWS), is reportedly looking to enter the enterprise networking market.
The report, which was published Friday, showed a decline in stock values at networking heavyweights Cisco Systems, Juniper Networks, and generated numerous reports that speculated on the potential disruption to the industry.
The Information cited unnamed sources and reported that “Amazon Web Services Targets Cisco In Networking” (requis subscription). This immediately led to a drop in the price of Cisco stock as well as Juniper. Arista was also likely to be affected.
According to the report, AWS would leverage commodity, “white-box” hardware and open source software. These are key tenets in the software-defined networking movement (SDN), which has also shaken up an industry that was long dominated by Cisco.
Cisco did however jump on the SDN bandwagon, and it enacted other modern networking initiatives in order to stay relevant in new-age network. However, it may have had a harder time dealing with AWS, a cloud giant.
The report stated that Amazon plans to price its white-box switches at a lower price than competitors, as it does in many other categories. According to one person familiar with the program, white-box switches could be priced between 70 percent and 80 per cent lower than comparable switches from Cisco.
AWS would connect open-source software to its cloud services. This would allow it to leverage white-box hardware and open-source software. These services include storage and servers.
The Information stated that Amazon had used white-box switches similar to those found in its data centers for some time. This is a standard practice among large technology companies. According to a person familiar with the project, AWS expects to launch the networking switches for outsiders in the next 18-months. According to the person, AWS is currently working with white-box manufacturers like Celestica Networks, Edgecore Networks, and Delta Networks on the switches and is open to collaboration with other companies.
Although Amazon didn’t comment on this report, Cisco offered a stock PR response quoting their leadership. However, other companies, such as SDN specialist Apstra and intent-based networking specialist Apstra, did weigh in.
“The combination of white box hardware and open-source software allows companies to lower the cost of building their network, said Mansour Karam (CEO of Apstra), a startup that sells software to manage networks with devices from multiple suppliers.” The report said. “It’s not surprising that Amazon would want participate in, and control, the datacenter as the onramp for their cloud services,” said Mr. Karam. Karam.”